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The Royal Line of Kings & True Successors of the Kingdom of Georgia
See the official website of the Royal House of Georgia at:
See also the articles:
Some Major Inaccuracies on the Website of Prince David Bagrationi plus Letter written by Georgian Scholars on the Succession Rules of the Kingdom of Georgia and How PrinceDavid is violating them and the official honoring of HRH Prince Nugzar's grandfather, and the recent visit of the Patriarch of Constantinople to Prince Nugzar as the true head of the Royal House of Georgia.
As can be seen by the royal line of kings listed below, His Royal Highness, Prince Nugzar is the heir and successor of the crown and throne of his ancestors. He is "the Most Respectful Prince Gruzinski" of the Royal Branch of the line of the kings. (See the picture to the right seated on the right.) His line is a pure salic line back to the most important of all the kings. This kingly line is of ancient origin and goes back all the way to King Adarnase Bagrationi in 898 A.D. He is undoubtedly the "de jure" or rightful king of Georgia. And it is hoped, he will yet reign as a constitutional monarch under the name of His Majesty, King Erekle III as many in the country want a restoration of the Kingdom. (See the article "Demoralized Georgia may renew itself by restoring its monarchy")
His Royal Highness, Prince Nugzar was recently honored to be a presenter along with several high ministers of the Republic and distinguished scientists, in a national conference held in February 2010 in Georgia, where he was rightfully introduced "as the successor to the Georgian throne." (See picture above)
As will be observed in the chart below, the Mukhranbatoni branch of offshoot princes of the high nobility (Prince David's ancestors) lost all sovereign and royal rights when Konstantin II's (1478-1505) older son King David X (1505-1525) took the throne of Kartli instead of their direct ancestor, the younger son, Prince Bagrat Mukhranbatoni, who began the Bagrationi-Mukhranski branch. No one of this lesser line has reigned over any kingdom since the time of King Konstantin II of Kartli in 1505. They did not rule over anything after this time, not a principality, a county or a barony --- not even a tiny lordship. They managed a relatively small royal fief compared to many other princes, but were never real rulers or held sovereignty. In this they were similar to the non-royal dukes, earls and barons of England who were never sovereigns, but were nobles. In addition, only one person chosen by the king was a "Prince of Mukhrani." No other family members shared in the title. Many of the Mukhrani family worked for the kings, Prince Nugzar's ancestors, as designated or assigned, some acted in the high capacity as ambassadors for the kingdom. But no one of this family actually ruled over a territory with power like a sovereign.
The point is, the kings were everything --- everyone and everything else were subservient to them. The king decided who of each line would hold the title of prince. Sometimes the youngest member of the family was chosen to be the head of the family. There were no letters patent or titular rights. The kings, Irakli I, Teimuraz II and Irakli II, for example, decided who could be a prince of Mukhranbatoni from the whole Mukhranski family line. All others held no title, but the family was considered noble. The Princes were non-sovereign vassals of the king and they did not have vassals of their own. The kings ruled supremely and absolutely. For example, the royal house not only had the right, but actually took the princedom, the large feudal territory, away from the princes of Aragvi in 1743 and later the lands of the princes of Ksani were forfeit to the crown in 1773 all at the discretion of the kings.
The picture above and to the right taken on May 21, 2010 shows Crown Prince Nugzar addressing an important historical conference with members of the Georgian Parliament, famous historians, writers, publicists, etc. with His Royal Highness again introduced as the successor of the Georgian throne.
On June 21, 2010, Georgian TV broadcast the idea that prince David was a charlatan and the seller of illegal orders of chivalry. In other words, the truth is beginning to become eminently clear that His Royal Highness Prince Nugzar is the only rightful and true heir to the throne.
Just recently in early 2017, David Mukhranbatoni was in the news:
The Clown Prince! Georgian 'heir' blagged his way into Kensington Palace to present a golden ceremonial chain to the Queen. . . .
There are four basic historical documents where all princely and noble family surnames of Georgia are described:
(1) The list of Georgian Princely and Noble families, signed by the King of Georgia Erekle II in 1783.
(2) Schedule of Georgian Princely and Noble Families, made by HRH Prince Ioane, the son of King Giorgi XII in 1799.
(3) Schedule made by Russian empire after 49 years of annexation of Georgia in 1850.
(4) Schedule of Princely families made up through the 18th through the 20th Centuries.
This includes the lines that involved the illustrious Prince Eristavi of Aragvi, Prince Eristavi of Ksani, Prince Amilakhvari, Prince Orbeliani, etc. In fact, there are about 120 princely families of the nobility and/or higher nobility, but none of them were sovereign; all of them served the kings of Georgia. Not one of the noble lines described in these decrees were given collateral or dynastic rights to the throne or scepter of the land. They were simply nobles and nothing more and this includes the Mukhranski branch, who had less prominence than many other princely houses. Many of them received recognition in Russia with a higher status than the Mukhranski line. It is important to understand that none of the princely lines were equal to the line of the kings. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Georgian_princely_families)
The following is the revised Ancestral Chart of the Royal Line of Kings or direct ancestors of His Royal Highness, Prince Nugzar: (Please scroll over to the right to see the whole chart) The reason why the chart was revised by the Georgian Genealogy Society is because of an interesting recent discovery in the genealogy of Prince David Muhkrani's ancestors, which dispels the myth that his ancestors represented the senior line, while the line of the kings (HRH Prince Nugzar's ancestors) were touted to be a junior line.
Georgian historical experts recently found that Prince Demetre, Prince David's ancestor, was actually a grandson of Bagrat V (1360-1393) instead of, as formerly thought, to be the eldest son of Alexander I (1412-1442) (See attached chart) What this means, is that the royal line of all Georgia (the line of the kings) came exclusively through His Royal Highness Prince Nugzar as the senior line of all the kingdoms of the land.
The following is the royal line so it can more easily read:
The King Alexander I the Great
King of United Kingdom of Georgia
King Giorgi VIII
Last King of United Kingdom of Georgia (1446-1466)
King of Kakheti (1466-1476)
King of Kakheti (1476-1511)
King of Kakheti (1511-1513)
King of Kahheti (1518-1574)
King of Kakheti (1574-1605)
King of Kakheti (1601-1602)
King of Kakheti (1606-1663)
King of Kartli & Kakheti (1625-1633)
King of Kartli (1688-1703)
King of Kakheti (1703-1709)
King of Kakheti (1732-1744)
King of Kartli (1744-1762)
King of Kakheti (1744-1762)
King of the United Kingdom
of Kartli & Kakheti (1762-1798) (King of Georgia)
King of United Kingdom
of Kartli & Kakheti (1798-1800) (King of Georia)
HRH Bagrat, Georgian Prince (heir & successor to the throne)
HRH Alexander, Georgian Prince (heir & successor to the throne)
HRH Peter, Georgian Prince (heir & successor to the throne)
HRH Peter, Georgian Prince (heir & successor to the throne)
His Royal Highness Prince NUGZAR
Heir & Successor to the Throne of Georgia
(Batonishvili/Tsarevich) (Born 1950)
HRH ANNA, Georgian Princess (2nd in line of succession right
after HRH Prince Nugzar)
(Batonishvili/Tsarevich) (Born 1976)
HRH Princess Nino Bagration-Imeretinski (1915-2008), the former head of Imereti Royal House and the chief of "the House of Bagrationi`s" in 2006 signed an important memorandum where she on behalf of Imereti royal branch recognised the rightful claim and sovereignty of the Bagrationi-Gruzinski family for the whole dynasty of Bagrationi. Prince Nugzar is descended from this line as well, as the following chart shows through Queen Khoreshan. He descends from all the royal lines of the three kingdoms. No other claimant is a direct descendant of all the line of the kings and has the blood of all the ancient royal houses in his veins.
The following is a time line from the last King (Giorgi XII --- see picture to the right) down to Prince Nugzar and his heir Princess Anna:
1800: (a) King Giorgi XII is dies 1801(he is the last king
and direct ancestor of HRH Prince Nugzar, and
(b) Georgia annexed by Imperial Russia
1803: Imperial Russia exiles from Georgia to Russia all
the representatives of HRH Nugzar's direct salic
ancestors (the Royal family)
1804-1812: Imperial Russia adopted a decision that
only Georgia's King`s sons and daughters
preserve the titles of "Georgian princes and
1833: Imperial Russia adopted the second decision,
the grandsons of King Erekle II and King
Giorgi XII were granted a title of "Georgian
prince" --- Gruzinski, which became their
1865: Russian Emperor Alexander II granted all the representatives of this Royal branch of
the Bagrationis (Prince Nugzar's ancestors) the title of "the Most Respectful."
Prince Nugzar's family were considered along with other royal families, and some
very prominent high nobles in Russia, to be one step below the prestige of the
Imperial House of the whole Empire.
1917: Russian Empire was abolished. HRH Nugzar's ancestors still retained their titles.
None of them renounced their Royal rights or prerogatives!
1921: Georgia annexed by Soviet Russia. HRH
Nugzar`s and HRH Anna`s ancestor Peter (I)
still used his title of "the Most Respectful
Prince Gruzinski." Same with Peter (II), he
was even jailed by communists in 1944-1951,
but he never renounced his Royal rights.
It is important to understand that no other line of kings exists for Georgia. HRH Prince Nugzar is the rightful lineal successor of the last Kings of United Georgia, the rightful successor of the last Kings of the kingdoms of Kartli-Kakheti Kingdom, and by the genealogical and dynastic point of view, the rightful head of the Imereti line as well.
On June, 27th, 1783, King Irakli gave out a royal decree to the princes of Garsevan Chavchavadze and Ioane Mukhranbatoni (direct ancestor of David) as ambassadors of the King, to sign the "Georgievsk Treatise." In this Treaty, the princes signed, verified and confirmed the Sovereign rights of King Erekle II and his successors. There was absolutely no misunderstanding about who were the kings and who were subordinate to their rule. In this Treaty between the Tsar of Russia and Tsar Irakly II (Erelkle II) the ". . . title of Princes of Georgia (Prince Grouzinsky) and Serene Highness, [were granted] for all the male line descendants of King George XII (26 Jul 1865). These titles [were confirmed] by the Senate 15 Mar 1867, 17 Dec 1873, 11 Feb 1874, 9 Apr 1879 and 31 Jan 1885." (www.chivalricorders.org/royalty/gotha/bagrthis.htm) No such titles were given to the Mukhranski line because they were not a part of the royal lineage.
When the Empire of Russia tragically abolished the throne in 1801, they exiled the royal family --- HRH Prince Nugzar's ancestors. No one from the other lines (Bagrationi-Mukhranski, Bagrationi-Davitishvili, Bagrationi-Babadishi) were exiled to Russia, because everyone knew that they were high nobles and had no right or claim to the throne. The Mukhranbatoni branch, as stated, were offshoot princes of the high nobility and lost all sovereignty and dynastic rights over 500 years ago. No one of this line has reigned over any kingdom or even a small territory, since that time. They received recognition from Imperial Russia as " the Illustrious," without the higher right of "Highness" attached because of their lesser status. In addition, because the Mukhraneli line was such a minor line in the estimation of Imperial Russia that only the head of this noble house could use any title.
On their non-royal status for example, Nicholos II, the Emperor of Russia, decided that the marriage between the Imperial Princess Tatiana Konstantinovna and Prince Konstantin Alexandrovich Bagration-Mukhransky was ". . . legally morganatic, reflecting the non-dynastic status that the Bagration-Mukhranskys held in Russia in 1911." (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Princess_Tatiana_Constantinovna_of_Russia) "According to the Almanach de Gotha, Princess Tatiana Constantinovna of Russia morganatically wed Prince Constantine Alexandrovich Bagration-Mukhransky." (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_of_succession_to_the_Russian_throne) The Infante Juan of Spain, designated heir of King Alfonso XIII of Spain, refused to recognize "his god-son as a Spanish dynast," because his mother had married a non-royal, the grandfather of Prince David. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Infante_Juan,_Count_of_Barcelona) Prince David Bagrationi-Mukhraneli is from this line, which is a line of non-reigning, non-dynastic princes of the high nobility of Georgia.
This was reiterated and upheld recently in an article from Russia on the "Death of the widow of Grand duke Vladimir Kirillovich." She died on March 23, 2010. The article written in Russian stated: "Leonida Georgievna belonged to the Mukhransky high-nobiliary branch of Bagrationis, a branch separated from reigning Bagrations in the beginning of 16 century. . . . Thus, . . . [she did] not even belong to the reigning House of Bagrationis, but from one of the lines which never occupied the Throne of Georgia." Because the marriage between Vladimir Kirillovich and Leonida Georgievna was unequal, because she, as a Mukhransky, was not from a royal house, ". . . the majority of the recent descendants of the House of Romanovs did not recognize the use of the grand-ducal title by Leonida Georgievna." The article made it clear and unmistakable, ". . . that the lawful head of the House of Bagrations lives in Georgia today, HRH Crown Prince Nugzar Petrovich Bagration of Georgia, the direct descendant of last King of Georgia - George XII." This is the royal house. (www.monarchruss.org
The Bragrationi-Mukhranski family, as a lesser princely family, did not even have a coat of arms, while the Bagration's reigning family had one for hundreds of years. The arms of the Gruzinski line were officially recognized by the Imperial Russian Empire in the 19th century as belonging exclusively to the line of kings. In the 1940's, the Mukhrany line of non-dynastic princes unlawfully usurped the arms of the Royal House. The arms Prince Irakli Muhransky sent to professor Takaishvili were the arms of HRH Prince Teimuraz --- son of George XII, king of the United Kingdoms of Kartli-Kakheti, the direct line ancestor of HRH Prince Nugzar. From this time forward the Muhransky line began to unlawfully use the arms of the Royal House of Gruzinsky, which never should have taken place as they are not descended from the line of the kings.
With this in mind, an important question begs to be asked concerning the legitimacy of some orders of chivalry. The point is, "All honors must spring from a genuine, authentic source, or fountain of honor, otherwise it must be rejected as worthless pretense." We must, therefore, call into question the validity of those orders which were created by the family of Prince Irakly de Bagration-Mukhransky when the only rightful authority to create a valid order of chivalry belongs His Royal Highness Prince Nugzar, the Head and Chief of the Royal House and Arms of the Kingdom of Georgia. (See "Orders of Chivalry")
Prince David's family raised a claim to the headship of the Royal House of Georgia in the early 1900's based on the erroneous presumption that the Royal line of Kartli-Kakheti, which failed to emigrate, before the Communist revolution, could not survive under the Soviet tyranny, yet they did, and so the Mukhranski claim to be the royal line is mute. It is built on a false premise. (www.czipm.org/bagratides.html & http://the.heraldry.ru/text/bagratide.html)
While the Mukhranski family were financially prospering and enjoying notoriety and luxury by impersonating the Royal House in Europe, the true line were suffering under Soviet oppression and tyranny till 1991. The royal family was watched by the KGB and Prince Nugzar's father was put into prison for his poems. It was a dangerous time. After the fall of the Soviet Union, the Georgian civil war began and all the heart-wrenching poverty that followed. HRH Prince Nugzar, working in theater management, put on performances that strengthen and built up the people and encourage the downtrodden to help them to carry on. He has gained great renown and was respected for his contributions and talents. His productions were sent abroad and were enjoyed in Central and South America.
David while visiting the Crown Prince's home apologized, from his side, before HRH Prince Nugzar on behalf of his ancestors, who had usurped the dynastic/sovereign position early in the 20th century. He stated that they did not know about the existence of the members of Prince Nugzar's family. David confirmed that the Bagration-Gruzinski family had the highest entitlement to the Crown of the Georgia. This was before the marriage between himself and HRH Princess Anna of the line of the kings. After the marriage, it was discovered that David was going to continue to claim royalty in spite of the fact that his ancestors were not a royal house, but a non-dynastic line of nobles.
It is important to remember, that the marriage between David, a Prince of the high nobility, and Anna, Princess of the royal blood, does not give David "de jure" sovereignty or make him a royal. Only HRH Prince Nugzar, the rightful heir, could make him a royal or give him any dynastic rights. If Prince Nugzar, the heir or "de jure" monarch and king of Georgia, passes away, and the marriage between David and Anna is still intact, David would be head of the home, but not head of state. That would be Princess Anna's exclusive right as Prince Nugzar has designated her as his heir, and the more ancient history and traditions of ancient times provides for female succession when no male heir can be found, because succession is not pure salic.
For example, His Majesty, King Michael of Romania's daughter is the Crown Princess and the next in line to be the Head of the Royal House of Romania. Her Orthodox marriage to Radu Duda, a commoner, now HRH Prince of Romania, did not make him a rightful successor or dynast. Princess Margarita is the next rightful heir of her father's "de jure" sovereignty and no one else. This is the pattern followed by most, if not all, of the European royal houses, and the same is true for Her Royal Highness Princess Anna. She is the lawful heir and next in line to the throne of Georgia after her father. In other words, all the honors belong to Prince Nugzar or as one Georgian citizen wrote to us:
HRH Prince Nugzar Bagrationi and HRH Heir Princess Anna possess not only exclusive rights to the Georgian Throne, but they are brilliant examples of humanity, philanthropy and real Royal dignity. God bless King Nugzar!
Those countries that have constitutional monarchs, according to political science studies, generally have the best economies, the greatest stability, wealth, prosperity, freedom and general happiness on the earth. We consider this to be the best type of government ever produced for the good and benefit of mankind. (See: "Briefly, the Benefits of Constitutional Monarchy")
Misleading Information on the Internet about
the Kingdom of Georgia and it's Rightful Heirs
Truth: “You can bend it and twist it. . . You can misuse and abuse it. . . But even God cannot change the Truth.” (Michael Levy) Truth is like the sun. You can shut it out for a time, but it isn't going away. The truth with its rays of light will always prevail in the longrun.
The following items or problem areas represent some of the myths, misinformation, fables, illusions, or falsehoods being perpetrated that create confusion about who are the rightful heirs to the Georgian throne. In an effort to correct wrong impressions, the following is submitted.
(1) Some have made the claim that the Mukhranski is the senior line genealogically speaking of the whole Bagrationi dynasty. However, junior, or cadet lines, are designations which belong to salic law, not to the Roman/Byzantine/Persian law of succession, which prevailed in Georgia for hundreds of years. This kind of succession allowed for different sons and even a females to succeed to the throne. Junior, or cadet status, is meaningless in such a system because it had nothing to do with inheritance to the crown and scepter of the land. The point is, cadet and senior line arguments are inseparably connected to salic law in Europe, which does not apply to the royal house of Georgia, so calling one line cadet and one line senior genealogically is nonsense. It has no meaning in the succession. And even if it did, the point is, the line of the rightful kings goes down to HRH Prince Nugzar --- not down any noble line. The senior line, the line of the kings, is the Gruzinski royal house.
(2) Some claim that the Mukhranski family is "the oldest line of the Bagration Family." None of the lines are any older that any other line. This statement makes no sense.
(3) Another website stated, "the senior direct line descendents of the last King of Georgia Alexander I are the Bagrationi Mukhraneli line." First of all, the senior line is the line of the kings in a non-salic kingdom --- that is the line of HRH Prince Nugzar. The Mukhraneli line of Prince David's ancestors lost all dynastic rights in 1505. While Prince Nugzar's ancestors continued to rule all the way to the 1800's. Prince Nugzar not only descended from Alexander I, but the last King to rule all of Georgia, King Giorgi VIII. Genealogy has nothing to do with anything. There is no cadet line in a non-salic kingdom. There is only the senior line and a number of other princely lines (almost 120) many of whom had higher prestige and greater power than the non-dynastic, non-royal Mukhraneli line. This particular non-collateral line began with Prince Bagrat Muhkranbatoni in the 1500's.
(4) "The Bagration Mukhraneli is the oldest line of the Bagration Family and they are directly descendents of the last King of united Georgia, Alexander I." It is a well-known historical fact that the last king of united Georgia, King Giorgi VIII, was Prince Nugzar's ancestor. The Bagration Mukraneli line did not descend from him. They were part of the high nobility, not royalty. This line was never designated in any of the ancient or modern documents as having collateral rights. They were nobles who worked for the Prince Nugzar's ancestors.
(5) "Both branches descend in unbroken, legitimate male line from the medieval kings of Georgia down to Constantine II of Georgia who died in 1505." Konstantine II, who died in 1505 was king of Kartli only, not of Georgia. His kingly descendants became extinct in 1919 except for the fact that King Giorgi X of Kartli's daughter, Princess Khoreshan, married into Prince Nugzar's ancestral line --- the royal line of the Kingdom of Kakheti. Hence, Prince Nugzar was descends from him through their kings down through several generations. Prince David's Mukhranski line, on the other hand, became a line of nobles after Konstantine II in 1505.
One prince of Mukhrani, not one of David's ancestors, became the King of Kartli as Vakhtang V. He was adopted by King Rostom. This prince of Mukhrani and a number of the kings that followed him are the ancestors of Prince Nugzar through Vakhtang VI's daughter Princess Tamar. She married the King of the united Kingdoms of Kartli and Kakheti, King Teimuraz I.
In other words, the line of all the original kings, including that of the Kingdom of Imereti, through Queen Khoreshan (1659), comes down through the generations to His Royal Highness Prince Nugzar who has the highest monarchical entitlement on earth to all of Georgia from every royal line.
(6) "Despite two hundred years of Russian occupation, the royal status of the Bagrationi dynasty has never been called into question in Georgia." This is obviously a false statement as the marriage between a princess of Mukhrani, a Georgian noble, not a royal (Princess Leonida Bagration of Mukhrani), and an Imperial Russian prince (Grand Duke Cyril Vladimirovich) was declared to be legally of unequal rank or status (in other words, morganatic) in the Almanch de Gotha of those times, because the Mukhrani were Georgian nobles, not royals. In addition, the Count of Barcelona, the Infanta Juan of Spain, the father of King Juan Carlos I, then Head of the Royal House, declared that the marriage of Prince Irakli Bagration and Infanta Do a María de las Mercedes Raimunda to be a non-royal line. He ". . . considered the issue of this marriage to be disqualified from the Spanish succession." (http://www.chivalricorders.org/royalty/gotha/russucc.htm) In fact, it was not until 1957, that Prince Irakli succeeded as Head of the Princely House of Mukhrani and declared himself (self-styled) as Head of the Royal House of Georgia, assuming the style of His Royal Highness – a honor that did not belong to him, but to the line of the kings. HRH Prince Nugzar being the only rightful male descendant of royalty.
While the royal line (Gruzinski) was recognized with the prenominal title of "Serene Highness" and "the Most Respectful" and as "Princes of Georgia," as a royal house by Imperial Russia, the Mukhrani noble house, were only ". . . confirmed as Prince Bagration of Moukhrani by decrees of the Council of the Empire 20 Sep 1825, 25 Mar 1826 and 8 Dec 1850, of Senate 25 Mar 1836, 7 June & 7 Jul 1847, 10 May 1850, 16 Apr 1858, 2 Dec 1864 and 1 Mar 1872)." (www.chivalricorders
The point is, "Equal rank derives from the notion of being member of a royal or sovereign house. It does not derive from "having some royal blood in one's veins." (http://macedonsky.narod.ru/meyer/quest.html#-62) Millions and millions of people have royal ancestors, but that does not make them royal. It is estimated that 80% of the original stock of Europeans are all descended from Charlemagne and Mohammed, but only .001% of them are authentic and genuine royals. (See: "Royal and Noble Genealogy") The Gruzinski branch descend from every line of kings from all of the three royal houses of Georgia. This line is the only true and royal sovereign house that exists for all of Georgia. All other lines are of the nobility or high nobility and are non-dynasts. This includes all the other 100 plus princely houses of Georgia many of whom had greater prestige than the Mukhrani house. This truth is important to understand.
(7) One website claimed that the Mukhranski house were deposed monarchs. However, no one of the Mukhranski's ancestry were deposed. (See the first chart above) This is all part of the misinformation that is on the world wide web, which needs to be corrected. Only what is accurate should be presented, so there are no misunderstandings that would mislead others into thinking that which is erroneous.
(8) Likewise, it is a false statement that the Mukhranski line were dynasts in the kingdom of Kartli. King Vakhtang VI (1703-1724) of Kartli, before his resettlement in Russia in 1724, he made a list of royal retinue (two-thousand people) which left for Russia together with their king. This list included everyone from members of royal family, the nobility all the way to simple servants. Everyone was listed according to their rank and their status. This important historical document shows again that the Mukhrani line were part of the nobility, not a part of the royal house. They were not listed as dynasts or as collateral or sovereign. Again, history shows the real truth. This historical document definitively puts an end to such misinformation.
(9) One site wrote, "Prince George Bagration of Moukhrani, who traveled from Spain to Tblisi in 1995 with the remains of his grandfather, was the senior male of the royal Kartli line of the Bagrations and thus head of the entire Bagration dynasty." This completely neglects the fact King Erekle II was king of Kartli and all the rights of kingship went down the Gruzinski line. The Moukhrani line being subservient to the kings could not be higher than the kings. The true "head of the entire Bagration dynasty" is His Royal Highness Prince Nugzar.
(10) There is the statement that, "The Bagrations of Moukhrani . . . were a younger branch of the Georgian royal house." They were not royal nor part of the royal house. They were of the high nobility.
(11) "(They [the Moukhrani] did not become the senior line until the twentieth century, when elder lines died out.)" The Moukhrani line claimed that the kingly line died out in the 1940's and, therefore, claimed to be heads of the Georgian dynasty. This of course was erroneous, but they have not yet admitted this publically.
(12) "Second, they [the Moukhrani] were also sovereigns of the Georgian principality of Moukhrani in their own right until 1801." The problem here is that there was no principality of Moukhrani or any others in the kingdom. There were princelets or princedoms, but they had no individual sovereignty. The princes were nobles and managers of the royal fiefs. The right to be the prince was not hereditary, but depended on whom the king chose out of the noble family to preside, not rule over, the royal fiefs as governors.
(13) On December 5, 1946, HIH Grand Duke Vladimir Kirilovich (1917-1992) made gave an opinion, not an authoritative ruling, which has been wrongfully used to suggest that the Muhkanski branch of offshoot princes, who had no royal, collateral, or sovereign rights in the Kingdom of Georgia, were suddenly somehow magically transformed into royals, when they were a lesser line of the high nobility, not royalty at all. Problems:
First, Vladimir Kirilovich was not universally recognized as the rightful heir of Imperial Russia, especially at this particular time. Note: (1) “The heads of the other branches of the imperial family, the Princes Vsevolod loannovich (Konstantinovichi), Roman Petrovich (Nikolaevichi) and Andrei Alexandrovich (Mihailovichi) writing to Vladimir in 1969 said that he had married unequally and that his wife was of no higher status than the wives of the other Romanov princes.” (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vladimir_Kirillovich
,_Grand_Duke_of_Russia#cite_ref-4), (2) “The Romanov Family Association, which supports the claim of . . . Nicholas to be head of the House of Romanov, believes that the marriage was morganatic [that is, the Muhkranski’s were not royals, but nobles and therefore unequal].” (Ibid.), and (3) “As he [Vladimor Kirilovich] was not a grandson of an Emperor his claimed title of Grand Duke of Russia caused problems as to what to [validly and authentically] put on his grave.” (Ibid.) The point is, his authority was in question.
Second, he gave this decree as his opinion only. Opinions are not facts, nor are they absolute or final. As such, they must be defined as questionable and may have been prompted by a hidden agenda, especially since he married into this family two years later, and "Romanov house law dictates that only those children who are the product of an 'equal marriage'—between a Romanov prince and a princess from another royal, not just noble, house — are eligible to be included in the Imperial line of succession; children of morganatic [such unequal] marriages are excluded from the succession." (Ibid.)
Third, the Muhkranski branch were not "the senior branch of the Bagration family." The senior branch was the line of the kings, not a line of nobles with no dynastic rights. Note: "Leonida's branch [of the Muhkanski] had not been regnant in the male line as Kings of Georgia since 1505 and had been simply Russian nobility since then." (Ibid.); and
Fourth, Vladimir Kirilovich unlawfully by-passed any recognition for the true Royal House of Georgia, the line of the kings, who reigned all the way to 1800, and gave only the Muhkranski non-dynastic line the supposed right ". . . to bear the title of Prince of Georgia and the style of Royal Highness." (Vladimir Kirilovich 1946 decree) All of this was so out of order that as stated before, the Royal House of Spain rejected it completely and entirely. The Muhkranski line lost the status to be “infante,” or royal princes, of Spain because of this.
(14) One source claimed that King Erekle II (Irakli II) abdicated by treaty. However, the "Treaty of Georgievsk" of 1784, which he made with the Catherine II of Russia, made it clear that the Russian emperor was "to preserve His Serene Highness Tsar Irakli Teimurazovich and the Heirs and descendants of his House, uninterrupted on the Throne of the Kingdoms of Kartli and Kakheti . . . forbidding [the Emperor’s] Military and Civil Authorities from intervention in any [domestic laws or orders]." (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Treaty
_of_Georgievsk) This treaty made the Kingdom of Georgia a protectorate of Imperial Russia, but left its sovereignty fully and completely intact. As Johann Wolfgang Textor (1693-1771), one of the founding fathers of international law, declared:
There is . . . no absurdity in the possession . . . of true rights of sovereignty by one who yet is and remains the vassal of another. This is, indeed, the case, where the vassal is so vested with the practical lordship (dominium utile) of a realm --- which implies the utmost force and effect of sovereignty --- that he can exercise it, so far as rights of Majesty are concerned, independently of the consent of his directly superior lord. . . . (Synopsis of the Law of Nations, 1680, trans. 1916, chapter IX, no. 22)
Textor wrote that even a fief is sovereign if the internal rights are preserve. He declared, ". . . I have no doubt that the King may enjoy the rights of Majesty, although his Kingdom be [merely] a fief. . . ." (Ibid., no. 21) By definition:
A protectorate, in international law, is an autonomous territory that is protected diplomatically or militarily against third parties by a stronger state or entity. In exchange for this, the protectorate usually accepts specified obligations, which may vary greatly, depending on the real nature of their relationship. However, it retains sufficient measure of sovereignty and remains a state under international law. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protectorate)
The United Kingdom of Kartli and Kakheti retained all of its internal sovereign majesty and glory as an independent state under the provisions of the Treaty, and it made the annexation of the Kingdom in 1801 completely illegal and unlawful violating the Treaty and violating international law. This means that HRH Prince Nugzar holds "de jure" sovereignty as the rightful successor to the wrongfully deposed monarchy of Georgia. (See: "Sovereignty: Questions and Answers")
(15) The kingdoms of Kartli and Kakheti were vassals of both the Persia and the Ottoman Empire at different periods from 1516. Hence, some say they were not real sovereign kings, but in international law, ". . . tributory states, and those subject to a kind of feudal dependence or vassalage, are still considered as sovereign. . . .” (Henry Wager Halleck, Elements of International Law and Laws of War, 2009, p. 44) ". . . Their sovereignty is not affected by this relation.” (Henry Wheaton, Elements of International Law, 1836, chapter 2, no. 3, p. 52) Many wars were fought to maintain these rights. Finally, in 1784, Imperial Russia recognized their sovereignty and the sovereign rights of the king's legitimate successors. The Russian Empire then became legal protectors of the kings again without a loss of sovereignty. (See #8)
(16) The was no abdication when Russia annexed the Kingdom of Georgia in 1801. The kings remained true and faithful to their people and their ancient dynasty. The annexation was fought against. It was opposed. And the royal family risked their lives to do so.
According to the historical sources and literature's analysis by Prof. Dr. Niko Javakhishvili, Chief researcher of the Department of Modern and Contemporary History of the Ivane Javakhishvili Institute of History and Ethnology, the last Georgian king was one of the heros of Bagrationi's Royal Dynasty, not a villian. Prince Nugzar's ancestors and near relatives headed all the popular uprisings against Russian Empire. In fact, Prince Gregory I (1789-1830), a descendant of the great King of United Kartli-Kakheti Kingdom, Erekle II, courageously fought to restored the Kingdom in the rebellions of 1812. Sovereignty was fearcely defended. The whole Royal family was then exiled to Russia.
Klaus J. Meyer, master of law and a lawyer in the Federal Ministry of Germany, in 1999 reminds us that:
In all cases, were a dynasty was expelled from their territories [in other words, deposed or dispossessed] and their states incorporated into another state, the dynasty just lost their territory, but neither their status as a sovereign family nor the their dynastic independence [or royal rights and privileges are lost]. (http://macedonsky.narod.ru/meyer/quest.html#VI)
His Royal Highness Prince Nugzar is the rightful successor and heir to all the royal rights to the Kingdom of Georgia. This ancient royal lineage had been sovereign not for a few decades but for many centuries. No other line has such a perfect claim to regal sovereignty as the Prince Nugzar's line. All three kingdoms --- the Imereti, Kartli and Kakheti are all represented in his line down through the generations of the kings of each individual land. This is the royal line --- the line of the true kings.
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