The International Commission on
Nobility and Royalty
(See Additional Articles below)
All the major legal principles that promote
genuine and authentic nobility, royalty and chivalry are contained in the following new two volume book. Note what
is says in the first paragraph of the Foreword:
The whole field of
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counterfeit chivalric orders. Besides the numerous scams and charlatans that exist, there is a widespread
misunderstanding of the international and natural laws that govern dynastic rights. This is a field that is truly
divided. This sad state of affairs need not continue. If international law is honored, revered and respected, then
everything can be set in its proper order. The grand key to this needed unity is the rule of the just, time-honored
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The author is Dr. Stephen Baca y Kerr, JD, LLM,
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This unique book is being offered for free
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Pope St. Felix III declared an important truth.
He said: "Not to oppose error is to approve it, and not to
defend the truth is to suppress it."
We do not want to be guilty of implied consent to
any falsehood or charlatan in the field we hold near and dear to us. All the impersonators whether self-deceived or
involved in fraud and deception detract from what is real, genuine and true.
INDEX to this article:
Questionable Claims or Practices
We, as a Commission, are not
here to hurt the true royals or nobles of any nation or kingdom on earth. We are here to protect and support them.
We will be glad to honor and respect what is true and authentic. The problem is, we live in a time of
falsehoods and imposters. Please do not allow yourself to be duped. Consider the following questions and
(1) What about someone claiming he is the
emperor of the Holy Roman Empire?
Please see the article, "Sovereignty in
the Holy Roman Empire." It is impossible, even absurd, that such a person could be
authentic. This article makes that eminently clear and unmistakable. Hence, such a person would be an imposter or
Sadly, all the people he has deceived into sending
him large amounts of money for empty titles, that have no validity and the phony knighthoods, he has sold for
donations. He has set up an expanding culture of falsehoods and deceptions, wherein he has deceitfully fooled a
large amount of people into thinking he is real and authentic.
(2) What about micronations?
No micronation has any real, genuine or authentic
right to bestow titles of nobility or bestow knighthoods. They are fantasy countries---"These
nations usually exist only on paper, on the Internet, or in the minds of their creators." (https://en.wikipedia.org
/wiki/Micronations) They are make-believe with no recognized or actual
authority or foundation in reality.
(3) Does a government in exile have sovereign
rights to give out titles and knighthoods?
If a government in exile was legitimate, it would
have "de jure" internal sovereignty and therefore authority to do many things. However, the problem
is, anyone can say anything they want to on the internet. Fabrications abound and false claims sadly appear to be on
the increase. Just because some organization claims to be a government in exile, does not make it so. Claims need to
be researched and verified by reliable sources. Also, read "Orders of Chivalry"
--- orders of merit are not knighthoods. True knighthood is inseparably connected to Royalty, not to tribal or
(4) What about the principalities and dukedoms
that are on the internet advertising titles and knighthoods?
The first thing
to remember is that what they present on the internet may be completely and totally false. Deception is prevails.
They do not tell you how unlikely their claim is. This is hidden behind an impressive front. They may present well,
but underneath, there is nothing solid or authentic. Hence, they are built on a myth.
We have noted a number of dubious claims through
the years, such as:
(a) a man claiming to
be a prince who could not prove his genealogy, and his claim supposedly came through a female line 10 generations
ago in a salic land. In other words, no right to title existed. Did this deter him? No, he went ahead and made the
(b) a man who
fabricated his genealogy, and deceived a lot of people with his lies. Finally he was discovered and discredited, but
hurt a lot of people in the interim.
(c) a man whose
ancestors totally lost all their royal rights, through non-use, but still claimed royalty in spite of it.
(d) a man who
fabricated everything and started successfully selling titles and made up several for himself to use, but eventual
was exposed and is now in hiding. He robbed people of more than $2,000,000.00.
(e) several men who
claimed principalities that belonged to them, but these principalities were their royal patrimony of either the
Imperial and Royal House of Prussia or Austria. They still sell their falsehoods to this day.
(f) several men who
claimed royal rights they don't have, because those rights were legally ceded away or permanently forfeited and lost
many years ago --- one in 1955 and another on September 11, 1962. Yet in spite of having lost all, they make the
false claim anyway and one sells knighthoods and titles that have no validity.
(g) a man who bought
his title from a phony Emperor and then started selling made up titles himself.
(h) a man who bought a
non-sovereign title from a non-existent Patriarch --- from a man who never lived, and then set up knighthoods and
freely sells his falsehoods to make a living on his lies and deceptions.
(i) another man and a
separate woman, both who claimed descent from a royal house, but their family names are not to be found anywhere in
the royal genealogy, because the claims were fabricated. These facts however, do not deter them. They continued to
misrepresent themselves, even though they were exposed.
(k) a man who claims
royalty and an imperial title from an elective house that did not have a hereditary right to pass those titles or
honors down to their posterity. In other words, there were no rights to claim, because the honors were elective, not
hereditary. You can't get water from an empty well.
(l) a man who claims
honors from a self-styled government in exile from a government that never had sovereignty. You can't create
sovereignty out of nothing.
(j) a man who legally
changed his name to a royal one with title and then began to impersonate or mimic royalty that neither he nor his
family ever had.
(k) a man, who without
proof, but only a family legend that turned out to be merely a family fairy tale, began to consider and introduce
himself to be a royal prince, which of course is to lie to others and misrepresent reality.
(l) a man who found out
he descended from royalty from a line hundreds of years ago, so he wrongly assumed that he must be a royal prince
and started styling himself as such.
(m) a man whose cousins
had a higher hereditary right. He usurped their claims. This of course is an act of theft. It is ethically and
morally wrong. Justice demands that, ". . . all men are to restore what they are possessed of, if another is
proved to be the rightful owner." (Hugo Grotius, On the Law of War and Peace, Book II, Chapter
(o) despite the fact
that there is only one truth, one justice and consequently only one rightful sovereignty, on man set himself up in
contradiction to the rightful prince, and continues to put the true royal line down.
The list of abuses and wrongs could go on and on
and then on some more --- full of questionable, shady practices that have very little likelihood of being authentic
and genuine. Most are not only questionable, but downright dishonest and deceitful reflecting little or no ethical
truth or reality.
The most important thing to do when
contemplating any claim is to be skeptical. This is not a time to be gullible or easy prey.
The shady nature of their claims are kept hidden. They do not want you to find out or discover their secrets. They
do not want to be exposed.
We have observed that most, if not all, of these
royal or princely claimants on the internet, are false. A number of them claim ancient territories that belong to
other royal houses or to be members of old royal houses that are extinct, died out hundreds of years ago, and no
longer exist. Obviously, many claims are sheer nonsense --- not only improbable, but impossible. Buyer please
A major distinguish factor for falsehood is if
they claim that the royal house has been restored! You can't restore something you do not own the rights to.
(5) How can I tell between a true prince and a
This is a most important and serious question if
you want to be spared the shame of being taken and deceived by the various scams, which are abundant and plentiful.
So what are the markers, the warning signs or red flags to help us identify the fakes?
First of all, please do not think you can discern
the true from the false without knowledge. There is the saying that "the truth will make you free"
--- free from mistakes, free from being swindled or taken advantage of, free from the shame and embarrassment, and
free to use your money on better things. Throwing money away is never good.
You must educate yourself and seek advice. (See:
"Fake Titles and
Counterfeits") You might also email us and see if we know anything about a particular
group. But true royals as a general rule that can relied upon:
not be selling titles of nobility or royalty for money or donation
not be selling knighthoods either
have proven and confirmed genealogy proving their lineage usually recorded and archived by various royal
genealogical organizations that can readily be retrieved
parents and ancestors will have titles and will have use them from the day of their ennoblement in ancient times all
the way to the present; that is, their ancestors will have obeyed the law of "prescription" as it
pertains to "de jure" or rightful sovereignty:
When it comes to a non-reigning or deposed royal
princes, it must be remembered that according to international law, all "de jure" royal or imperial
rights are permanently and unalterably lost if one generation (meaning a rightful claimant and any of his or her
potential heirs who are living at the time) fails to properly perpetuate the royal claim. And if this precious
privilege is lost, it cannot be retrieved, reclaimed later on or resurrected. It is forfeited forever. And all
rights immediately revert to the "defacto" ruler, the usurper or new subsequent government with
very few allowable exceptions. This is according to international law as it applies to royal and/or sovereign
families. (Please read both: "Sovereignty
& The Future of Nobility and Royalty" and to ensure you are not deceived)
There are two grand keys to enable one to discern
valid claims from fake ones:
(1) All direct line ancestors will have
consistently used their titles and the symbols of their sovereign rights to the throne throughout all their
(2) A claim of "restoration" of
the royal house or royal rights is an admission that number one was not complied with. Hence, the claim is false.
(6) What if the claimant cannot prove he or she
This is a sure sign that this person's claim is
faulty and unacceptable. Not a single person, who is fake, can prove their genealogy or that their so-called right
is authentic and genuine. The need for incontrovertible proof is thousands of years old. When a remnant of the
children of Israel came back from the Babylonian captivity, the descendants of one particular priestly family failed
to keep evidence of their hereditary right to the honors of the Levitical priesthood. "These sought their
register among those that were reckoned by genealogy, but they were not found: therefore were they, as polluted,
put from the priesthood." (Ezra 2:62) That is, their hereditary right could not be proven,
therefore they lost their rights permanently and completely. This same principle was reiterated by one of the
founding fathers of international law and justice. Emerich de Vattel wrote:
. . .
Immemorial prescription [long possession of a territory for over 100 years] secures the possessor's right
[the current "defacto" sovereign’s right to rule without question and it is] beyond the power of [ loss or
legitimate challenge] . . . for, it affords a legal presumption that he [the current ruling government] is the [true
and rightful] proprietor, as long as the adverse party [the "de jure" claimant] fails to adduce
substantial reasons [or adequate evidence of protest] in support of his claim: and, indeed, [how could such] . . .
be derived, since the origin [all proof] of the possession is lost in the obscurity [or uncertainty of the distant
past and no longer exists] . . . [that is, all] means of proving [it valid has been] . . . destroyed by time. . . .
Immemorial possession [possessing a kingdom for a long, uncontested, undisputed period of time—hundreds or thousands
of years], therefore, is [or creates] an irrefragable title [in other words, sovereign ownership that is impossible
to refute or is indisputable], and immemorial prescription admits of no exception: both are founded on a presumption
which the law of nature directs us to receive as an incontestable truth [truth that cannot be impeached]. (The
Law of Nations, Book II, #143)
Therefore, it is set in concrete of the hardest
kind and cannot come back to life, which is why all who claim to have restored a royal house are false. Why? Because
providing proof that each generation maintained their claim, their titles, their rights is impossible in most cases
for hundreds and hundreds of years have past away and the proof no longer exists. No proof equals no rights, no
valid claim, no authority, royalty or sovereignty, no fountain of honor, no right to establish an order of chivalry.
In such a case, by the ancient and modern laws, the individual is a commoner with no entitlements.
If a claim is built on sand, it cannot stand.
Every claim will sooner or later be exposed for what it really is. If it is built on rock, then it is solid and
sturdy and is acceptable. But, do not merely take the persons word for it. We ask people to prove their claims. Most
do not accept this offer because they know their claims are invalid and do not want to be exposed as charlatans or
have their fantasy ruined by reality. But if a claim is built on make believe or cloud cuckoo land or is malicious
and treacherous like a con artist's claims, it will only bring heartache and ruin.
The idea of no proof, no rightful,
genuine claim or rights, protects us from the fact that we would be inundated with even more fake claims if proof
was not required. Anyone could say things like, "King Richard had an illegitimate child and I am his
descendant, therefore, I claim the right to be king of England." But as Vattel declared, a claimant
must ". . . prove his right. . . . He must have a title [indisputable proof of ownership]: and people
are not obliged to respect that title any farther than he shows its validity." (The Law of
Nations, Book II, chapter 18, No. 337)
(7) Is a proven genealogy line certified by a
genealogist sufficient for the right to titles and royalty?
Obviously not, because there is a
statistical probability that if you are of original European stock, you are most likely a descendant of
Mohammed or Charlemagne. (See the article: "Royal
and Noble Genealogy") Being a royal or noble or having right to an exalted title is
exclusive, not inclusive of everyone. For example, failure to use titles means the permanent loss of titles,
especially if the letters patent has disappeared for nobility. For royalty, in most cases, all royal rights are lost
forever if there is a failure to use one's titles in every generation. The answer to this questions is that
genealogy is not enough even if that genealogy is solid and unquestionable.
(8) What if the prince or claimant has
recognitions from the Pope, Queen Elizabeth II or some other royal?
Common sense tells you that, ". . .
Sovereignty is neither created by recognition nor destroyed by nonrecognition.” (The New Encyclopaedia
Britannica, edition 15, part 3, vol 17, 1981, p. 312) International law denies that diplomatic or political
recognition confers sovereignty. Common sense tell you the same thing. Recognition cannot make something false into
something true or real. (See: "DEPOSED SOVEREIGNTY AND ROYALTY: how to preserve it
and how to lose it")
Also, in the past many bogus title holders
purposely wrote letters to various royals and got them to write back using their titles. They also joined
knighthoods, even genuine ones when they could, so that the order would address them with their titles. These tricks
cannot make a fake count into a real one. Those who have false claims are still false. Recognition cannot correct a
defect so great as to magically make a lie into a truth.
Practically all royals and most orders did not
investigate the claims of those who join. Such letters are merely courtesies, courtesy letters, not certifications
of fact. They do not make a claim true or false.
A new trick is being used by fake
title holders, by getting so-called apostolic blessings from the Pope from various companies, who do not check
anything out, but use whatever name or title you give them, thus making it look like the Pope has certified them as
real. This same phony ploy was used with Queen Elizabeth II, who gets thousands of letters each day and tries to
return every single letter. No one has time to check them out. They use the identifying information they are given
to write back. Obviously, such a letter or blessing certificate is meaningless in terms of title, validity and
In addition, phony princes love to honor each
other thinking that somehow, this makes their claims real and genuine. Also, some associations have been created
that accept any claim as valid even if it is not. They do not discriminate, check things out or make sure that the
claims are real or even factually accurate. Such associations do everyone a disservice, or an injustice, by making
things look authentic and real when there is a good likelihood that they are total hogwash, counterfeits or fairy
Again, we live in a day of imposters and
falsehoods. Great care must be taken in order not to be deceived. We know of some royals who were taken in by a
false claim that was later proved fraudulent.
(9) Does renown or popularity or general
acceptance create a sure sign of authenticity?
Yes and no. Remember as Francis Barrymore Smith
wrote, ". . . The vote of the whole world can not make wrong right, falsehood truth, robbery honest, or
usurpation other than usurpation." (Radical artisan, William James Linton, 1812-97, 1973, p.
220) Concerning the liar, he wrote, "If the whole world believe his lie, would that alter the nature of
falsehood?" (Ibid.) The Commission has run into a well-known and widely accepted family that have
usurped the true line of a royal house. So popularity and acceptance although usually a reliable source are not
always the perfect foundation for ones decisions and beliefs.
Most Americans and the people of Great Britain
accepted that Iraq under Sadam was harboring weapons of mass destruction, justifying entering into a war with him.
Later this claim proved to be false and involved some guile on the part of the politicians. We have to be careful in
this day of deceptions and false appearances. What is real and true is not always readily available or easy to
(10) But what
about Ecclesiastical Orders of Chivalry?
Please see the article "Orders
of Chivalry." With the exception of the Pope, who is a sovereign prince of an independent
little country, no other religious leaders can be a genuine secular fons honorum or fountain of honors, which is the
exclusive right of a reigning or "de jure" sovereign house. Like any other private organization,
religions can have orders, clubs or fraternities, but they are not orders of chivalry and should not mimic, copy or
imitate the symbols of true orders or use their private decorations in public.
(11) What about adoptions?
This is one of the tricks or gimmicks that
charlatans use to cheat people and take their money. Unless those adoptions are sustained and upheld by a "de
jure" and rightful sovereign, they are nothing but empty name changes. No real honors are conveyed. No
real titles are given. It is merely another dishonest hoax or ploy used to take advantage of others who do not
understand that they are being cheated and robbed by con artists. They are not given real titles only a change in
(12) Court decrees surely are valid and provide
absolute assurances, don't they?
Unfortunately, this is one of the major tricks or
cons used to cheat people out of their money. For instance, one group advertised "the Marquisate of
Belfronte which was given by Royal Decree in 1817 to Don Calcedonio Navanteri Da Siracusa (Syracuse) by
Ferdinand I, King of the Two Sicilies." The title is probably real historically, but then they revealed
themselves and their scheme, "The title is vacant and ready for assignation through decision of a court of
justice." That is the scam. They take an extinct title and will sell it to you and have a justice
declare, by some contrived means, that it is your title somehow by magic.
Even if a Court of Law did declare it, it does not
make it genuine or real. We have not been able to determine if these swindlers give you a fabricated court decree or
bribe a judge or what, but the point is, a judge cannot legitimately confer a title of nobility on another person.
The only title they can give you is that of "felon."
Guy Stair Sainty, a well-known expert on nobility
and royalty, declared, ". . . the Italian Courts have been persuaded to consider numerous claims to titles
of nobility without actually applying nobiliary law, leading to some bizarre decisions." (www.chivalricorders.org/royalty/royal.htm)
"According to a November  poll by Euromedia research group, only 16 percent of Italians fully trust it
[their court system]; just two years ago, the figure was 28 percent. And Italian civil rights groups are intense
in their criticism of what they view as kangaroo courts." (www.everyonegroup.com/EveryOne/MainPage/Entries/2009
The point is, courts, especially European courts, can come up with falsehoods. Studies point out that, "In
the US, proof is an objective, science-like affair. On the continent, proof is
holistic and subjective. . . . [They too often] come up with an assessment [a final judgment or decision]
even if the evidence is patently incomplete," which would be considered judicial misconduct in the
United States. (#"4" COLOR="#000000" FACE="Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif">One swindler even bragged how he got a Republic of
San Marino court to rule the he was the rightful count of something or other when it was a big fat lie and he knew
it, but he was delighted with what he got away with. The Republic no longer allows this kind of thing, but it was
once widely used by counterfeiters to lie and deceive others into thinking they were legit. Court decrees are not to
be trusted or relied upon when they use "preponderance of evidence" rules, (51% assurance) which
means their decisions have almost as much likelihood of being wrong as they have of being right depending on what
evidence is presented and what evidence is hidden, disguised or never introduced, so as to trick or manipulate the
court into making a certain decision.
(13) How can I tell the difference between a
true order of chivalry and a self-styled or self-assumed one?
ago were suppressed by the Holy See, protector of mediaeval Western military religious orders in the Holy Land or on
the Iberian Peninsula. [Official Statement of the Holy See on Self-Styled Orders: www.heraldica.org/topics/orders/popebg.htm];
to be under the high protection of or to be headed by Episcopi
linked closely to bearers of false titles of nobility.
A true order will have an authentic "fons
honorum," which means "fountain of honor." An order of chivalry must be from a true
reigning or true "de jure" sovereign and not be a club or fraternity. Otherwise, the order has no
foundation in truth as an genuine order of chivalry.
An ecclesiastical order is not a true order of
chivalry, because secular sovereignty is missing. The only ecclesiastical orders under a true sovereign are
maintained by the Pope, who is a rightful monarch over a genuine independent sovereign nation --- the littlest in
the world --- Vatican City.
To help in identifying the true
from the false, please see the list in the article "Orders of Chivalry"
and go to the website of the "International Commission on Orders of Chivalry" (ICOC) at www.icocregister.org.
This important private, unofficial, non-governmental organization keeps a list of valid orders. Although their list
is not complete, if an order is not on their list of valid orders, great caution and care must be taken to ensure
that the order is not an imitation masquerading as something real. Guy Stair Sainty, an expert in this field, has
written several articles exposing some of the self-styled or self-proclaimed orders. Do not get mixed up in any of
these. (See: www.chivalricorders.org/orders/self-styled/selfstyl.htm)
The question whether
an order is a legitimate Chivalric order or a self-styled [self-proclaimed or phony] order coincides with the fons
honorum. A legitimate fount of honour is a person who held sovereignty either at or before the moment when the order
was established. (Holding sovereignty before the founding of an order is considered effective in creation of a
genuine chivalric order only if the former sovereign had not abdicated his sovereignty before the foundation of the
order but, instead, had been deposed or had otherwise lost power.) (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fount_of_honour)
Conclusion: It is tricky business trying to
tell what is true from what is false, but very important, if you are interested in what is real and true rather than
false, bogus or imitation monarchy, royalty, nobility or chivalry. Validity and authenticity are not always easy to
discern. The shady salesmen wants your money and are very willing, eager and happy to lie to you to get it. You must
be very careful. Never depart with or give any money away unless, you have incontrovertible proof that their claims
are valid. In fact, if they get angry or stop communicating with you, if you question them, that is a good sign that
they are hiding something.
What to Do if you have been Conned
Everyone makes a mistake once in awhile. this is
not a time to feel embarrassed. Scammers are good at what they do. They take advantage of innocent, unsuspecting
people. this is a time to help protect others. Edmund Burke once said, "All that is needed for the forces of
evil to win is for good men to do nothing."
If you do not feel you can sue those who cheated
you, there is still the important option of reporting them:
(1) File a police report where the alleged scammer
(2) Go to the following website and click on the
appropriate country to get information on who you should make a report to, whether it is in England or Germany or
the United States:
Remember, as Edmund Burke once declared, "All
that is needed for the forces of evil to win is for good men to do nothing."
We encourage you to read and enjoy the articles
that follow, which are informative and can deepen one's understanding of the whys and wherefores as well as the true
and permanent rights of royalty, nobility and chivalry. The following articles are considered to be especially
important and valuable:
Use "Contact" to join the Commission
as a contributor or apply for certification for titles, knighthood, status or ancestry. Our goals and mission
are to protect the public from counterfeit titles, phony knighthoods and fake genealogies. We certify the true and
the genuine as well as promote chivalry, royalty and nobility. There is so much that needs to be done. We invite you
to contribute and join with us.
Contact or donate through the
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